(1896 – 1982)
A linguist and literary theorist, one of the eminent humanitarian scientists of the XX century. His works had a great impact on different areas of expertise. In 1962 he was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature.
He was born in 1896 to a Jewish family. In 1918 he graduated from the Moscow University. During the years of learning he made good friends with Mayakovski and a circle of futurists.
In 1931 he immigrated to Czechoslovakia where he established close contacts with Eurasianists. When WWII began he moved to Norway and later to the USA where he was teaching at Harvard University, Columbia University and Massachusetts University.
Jacobson had a great impact of worldwide significance on linguistics as a science. Also, he became one of the founders of structuralism in linguistics and literary theory. Some of his works contributed a lot into psycholinguistics.Jacobson is also known for his theory of communication functions, which is the essential element for any present-day communication methods (from Internet to mobile communication).