Endel Karlovich Puusepp

Endel Karlovich Puusepp

The Charity Project on memorializing the name of the legendary pilot and polar explorer, the hero of the Great Patriotic War, colonel Endel K. Puusepp, is aimed to attract the public attention to the personal contribution of Endel Puusepp into the fight with fascist aggressors, and to preserve in the historical memory of generations the outstanding international and cross-national significance of the Great Victory.

The Charity Project on memorializing the name of the legendary pilot and polar explorer, the hero of the Great Patriotic War, colonel Endel K. Puusepp, is aimed to attract the public attention to the personal contribution of Endel Puusepp into the fight with fascist aggressors, and to preserve in the historical memory of generations the outstanding international and cross-national significance of the Great Victory.

On 30 May 2007 in Moscow on the territory of the Central Museum of the Great Patriotic War 1941–1945 together with the Chief Air Command of the RF the celebrations were held to mark the 65th anniversary of the flight of the Soviet delegation authorized to have the negotiations about the opening of the Second Front.

Veterans of the Great Patriotic War who live in Russia and Estonia, veterans of the diplomatic service of the RF, representatives of veteran organizations of countries-participants of the anti-Hitler coalition and students of Moscow universities took part in the celebrations.

On 8 December 2007 in Tallinn (Estonia) the festive events dedicated to the 65th anniversary of the beginning of the negotiations regarding the opening of the Second Front and organized in memory of the legendary military pilot and polar explorer, hero of the WWII, Endel Puusepp, were held. The events were organized by the Centre of National Glory together with the Estonian Public Organization “Russian House” and with a number of international veteran organizations of the WWII. The programme of the events held December 8th 2007 started with the opening of the display called “They were fighting for our freedom” which was dedicated to 65th anniversary of the initiated negotiations about the Second Front opening. The basic exposition included the materials (poster drawing) from the collection of the library of the North-Western University (the US), the Military and Naval Museum (the Netherlands), the Russian National Library, the Central State Military and Naval Museum (Russia). The exhibition was prepared by the Centre of National Glory together with the Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography named after Peter the Great (the Kunstkamera Museum) of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

On the same day at the Tallinn Military Cemetery the ceremony took place in honour of the people who died fighting with fascism during the WWII. Metropolitan Cornelius of Tallinn and All Estonia held the service for the victims of the World War Two. At the Metsakalmistu cemetery the wreath-laying ceremony at the grave of Endel Puusepp took place.

At the Conference Hall of the Estonian National Library the ceremonial evening dedicated to the 65th anniversary of the initiation of the negotiations about the Second Front opening and in memory of Endel K. Puusepp was organized. Veterans of the WWII, specialists in the history of the WWII and public figures took part in the evening.

As part of the Charity Project the All-Russian State Television and Radio Company made a documentary dedicated to the life and the heroic act of legendary pilot Endel K. Puusepp — “The pilot for Molotov. One chance out of a thousand of chances”. In the framework of the project, the grave-stone at the grave of the great pilot was arranged properly at the Metsakalmistu Cemetery in Tallinn. Also, the book of his memoirs “Disturbing skies” was re-published in Russian and Estonian.

The historical note

Endel Karlovich Puusepp (1909–1996) was Estonian who was born in the Krasnoyarsk region. He graduated from the Leningrad Air Force Military and Theoretical School, the Third Voroshilov Orenburg Military School for Pilots and Air Observers where he was teaching later (today the Orenburg Cadet College is founded at the School).

Endel Puusepp was a pilot of the highest level; he was the first pilot to fly the plane from Yeysk to Moscow “blindly” (following the equipment data); he was laying the complicated roads above the Arctic Region; he took part in flying search operations.

Since the very first day of the Great Patriotic Was captain E.Puusepp who had significant experience of long flights over the Arctic Region began to serve in the long-distance bombardment aviation. Endel Puusepp took part in the first bomb attack on Berlin on August 8 1941, in night air missions related to bombing important military objects deep in the enemy territory; he defended Leningrad; he bombarded enemy troops near Kursk, Orel, Belgorod, Moscow and Stalingrad.

On 19 May 1942 Endel Puusepp, being the pilot-in-chief of a strike aircraft “Pe-8”, delivered the government delegation with Foreign Commissar of the USSR V.M. Molotov in charge to Great Britain and then to the USA for negotiations on the Second Front opening; the route was risky and was held over the occupied Europe. Prime-Minister of Great Britain Winston Churchill and President of the United States Franklyn Roosevelt had a face-to-face meeting with the crew of the plane. Endel Puusepp was awarded the title of the Hero of the Soviet Union for perfect fulfillment of military missions and for courage and heroic behavior.

After the war Endel Puusepp was Deputy Chairman of Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Estonian SSR, Minister of Social Provision of Estonia, Chairman of the Republican Committee of World Protection, Deputy of Supreme Council of the USSR of the 4th calling.

Endel Puusepp was awarded with Order of Lenin, Order of the Red Banner, III-Class Order of Suvorov, Order of Alexander Nevsky, I-Class Order of the Patriotic War (twice), Order of the Red Banner of Labour (three times), Order of Peoples’ Friendship, Order of the Red Star (twice), the Honour Badge and medals.